Prospects for a Mideast safeguards organization
CITS researcher Sara Kutchesfahani recently published an article in the Federation of American Scientists’ Public Interest Report on the possibility of a regional safeguards organization in the Middle East. Drawing comparisons with Argentina and Brazil’s Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), Kutchesfahani discusses issues of political will and the motivating factor of nuclear energy, and sketches a practical way forward if the region should decide to pursue a similar organization. She also maps out the benefits and limitations of such an approach.
Though she concludes that the establishment of an international safeguards organization in the Middle East is not likely in the immediate future, Kutchesfahani points out that the ABACC itself took decades to create. She considers the benefits of such an effort a strong reason for nations in the Middle East to take the first steps in that direction now.
The fourth issue of the 1540 Compass was published October 11. It features a look at Indonesia’s progress on self-assessments of nuclear security culture, Belarus’s national framework document for implementing UNSCR 1540, a report from the Commonwealth of Independent States, and much more.
The Compass is a journal of views, comments, and ideas for effective implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 to prevent WMD proliferation and terrorism by non-state actors. It is published by the Center for International Trade & Security, in cooperation with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs.
Senior Research Associate Sara Kutchesfahani publishes new book: “Politics and the Bomb”
Sara Kutchesfahani’s new book, “Politics and the Bomb: The Role of Experts in the Creation of Cooperative Nuclear Non-Proliferation Agreements,” provides empirical evidence and theoretical analysis of the ways communities of scientists and experts influence their countries’ nonproliferation policies. The book especially examines the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) and the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program.
CITS Senior Fellow writes paper on customs and STC
Renaud Chatelus, a new senior fellow at CITS, has published a paper: “The Role of Customs in Strategic Trade Controls: Challenges and Potential.” The paper examines strategic trade controls from the perspective of states, which must provide the day-to-day enforcement necessary to make these controls effective. With most of the attention of the nonproliferation and global security community on international law and licensing, the paper adds a new dimension to the discussion.
Khripunov and Nikonov publish book for NATO
CITS researchers Igor Khripunov and Dmitriy Nikonov have collected the work of over 100 international experts from more than 20 countries for a new book in the NATO Science for Peace and Security series. New international approaches to strengthening nuclear security and preventing nuclear terrorism have been introduced since 2000. The adoption of new and revised international laws, initiatives, and voluntary mechanisms has led to improved security measures in this critical area, but there is still a need for stronger substantive and procedural arrangements. This book collects the presentations and deliberations of participants at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop held in Vienna, Austria in January 2010.The papers presented here summarize current understanding of, and approaches to, the legal framework for nuclear security and counterterrorism. The book will be of interest to all governments, international organizations, researchers and practitioners worldwide who are involved in securing nuclear materials and preventing nuclear terrorism.
Vienna workshop report
The report from the Center’s 2010 NATO nuclear security conference in Vienna is now available online. The report, edited by Igor Khripunov and Carlton Stoiber, focuses on improving and modernizing legal systems dealing with nuclear security and counterterrorism.
From 1995 to 2003, the Center published a quarterly newsletter, The Monitor: International Perspectives on Nonproliferation. The Monitor offered a wide selection of articles, documents, and interviews, contributed by government officials, researchers and independent experts from around the world on nonproliferation and related security and policy issues. The Center has continued the tradition of The Monitor in its new quarterly publication, The 1540 Compass.