On October 24-25, 2013, CITS hosted a nuclear security culture study workshop for six lecturers from the Department of Engineering Physics at Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia. They came to CITS in order to acquire the information and tools needed to implement nuclear security culture projects at their university upon their return home. The workshop offered an in-depth look at security culture and offered ways of integrating nuclear security into course material. The CITS team was led by Dr. Igor Khripunov and Paul Ebel with assistance from Dr. Sara Kutchesfahani and Arthur Eyzaguirre.
Under the auspices of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), CITS researchers recently conducted two five-day training workshops on strategic trade management in Bandung, Indonesia. CITS trained government officials from customs, foreign affairs and trade ministries from member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), including Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam, and Cambodia . The workshops focused on assisting ASEAN governments in managing the security challenges associated with growing high-tech industries; simultaneously incorporating strategic trade control management into the ASEAN Single Window program and the National Single Window programs of member states.
The ASEAN curriculum was based on the Center's well-known SSTM Academy, which has trained over 500 government officials worldwide. The SSTM Academy is sponsored by the United States Department of State.
In June, CITS Director William W. Keller traveled to London to address the Chemical Security Working Group of the G8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction. Keller highlighted the growing need to address chemical security globally as additional chemical production facilities are introduced into the developing world. He called for a High-Level Meeting on Chemical Security and Chemical Security Culture to take actions that would decrease the likelihood of one or more malicious chemical disasters. The full text of Keller’s speech can be found here.
CITS Director William W. Keller moderated a panel and spoke at the international conference on chemical safety and security, organized and sponsored by the EU, Government of Poland, OPCW, and the city of Tarnow. The overall objectives of the conference included, among many other:
- Promote a global chemical safety and security culture and international cooperation in the field
- Share a commitment for actions to strengthen the global chemical safety and security culture
The government of Poland has recently announced the establishment, with the assistance of the OPCW, of the International Center for Chemical Safety and Security, whose role it is to promote best practices in chemical safety and security globally and provide assistance to all interested parties. Please visit the OPCW live feed from the conference, or read more information about the conference.
During the week of October 15, 2012, CITS researchers conducted four briefings for officials of Indonesia’s National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) and three research reactor facilities in Serpong, Bandung and Yogyakarta. The purpose of the briefings was to introduce the recently-developed methodology to assess nuclear security culture. Self-assessments will be performed by BATAN’s specially-designated teams, with the preliminary results presented in a report in mid-2013. The methodology has been developed by a group of international experts, including CITS, under the IAEA auspices, and will be recommended, after review, to all member states possibly as early as 2013. For more information, contact Dr. Igor Khripunov.
China is a major focus for new international outreach efforts at CITS. As a massive industrial world power with significant interests in high technology trade, China must be addressed in any strategy for promoting global trade security. CITS places a high priority on promoting security culture in China, and pursues this goal with training workshops, research, corporate outreach, and a specially tailored variant of the Security & Strategic Trade Management Academy.
CITS researchers dedicated a significant portion of the past summer to work in China. Director William Keller, Executive Director Scott Jones, and several researchers made trips to Beijing and Shenzhen, hosting workshops based on the Security & Strategic Trade Management Academy for an audience of industry and government officials.
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In May 2012, CITS traveled to Jakarta, Indonesia and held a two-day seminar entitled “Chemical, Biological Radiological and Nuclear Security: Factoring in the Human Element.” The seminar was co-organized and hosted by the National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN).
The seminar offered an in-depth look at security culture at Indonesia’s nuclear facilities and tools to improve that culture. It also trained government officials to improve CBRN security by building proactive security procedures, which reduce the risk of CBRN materials being diverted for malicious purposes.
The seminar was attended by more than 50 representatives of various government agencies dealing with CBRN security issues, including BATAN, the National Nuclear Regulatory Agency, CBRN Unit of the Indonesian Army, National Police, Customs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, National Intelligence Agency, and National Counterterrorism Agency.
From April 30 through May 4, the Center for International Trade and Security hosted 10 delegates from the government of Kenya for a workshop on strategic trade controls in Washington, DC. The visitors met with U.S. government officials, industry representatives, and academic experts to learn about effective strategic trade control systems and the important strategic trade control issues they will consider as part of future legislation. The event was sponsored by the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program. The delegates represented a variety of Kenyan national government agencies and ministries, as well as the Africa Peace Forum.
The CARICOM project fosters strategic trade control reform in the Caribbean, with the goal of developing regulatory mechanisms aimed at fulfilling the CARICOM member states’ compliance with UNSCR 1540. The resulting model laws will be sensitive to regional trade and security needs and integrate or leverage from current CARICOM legal harmonization efforts/initiatives.
The primary objective of the CARICOM project is to foster a regional approach to economic integration and strategic trade control reform with the goal of facilitating legislative drafting processes and developing regulatory mechanisms aimed at fulfilling the CARICOM Community member states’ compliance with the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540. Furthermore, the resulting model legal instrument will be sensitive to regional trade and security needs while seeking to integrate or leverage from current CARICOM legal harmonization efforts/initiatives.
The project is a unique undertaking: it is the first region-wide attempt in the world to establish legal framework for implementation of Resolution 1540, as a response to a request from a regional organization.
Accordingly, CITS has placed a lot of emphasis on inclusiveness:
- Keep in mind perspectives and priorities of the CARICOM states
- Get input from all relevant inter- and non-governmental experts
- Provide periodic updates to the concerned parties
- Organize Workshop #1 to present findings on Gap Analysis
- Organize Workshop #2 to present a Model Law
The CARICOM project is in response to the request for assistance by the CARICOM Community to the UNSCR 1540 Committee. It aims to help the 15 member states meet their legislative obligations under Security Council Resolution 1540.
The effort is funded by the US Department of State’s Office of Export Control Cooperation, under its Export Control and Related Border Security or EXBS program, and supported by the US Department of State’s Office of the 1540 Coordinator. The project envisages a central role for the CARICOM 1540 Coordinator, O’Neil Hamilton, as a facilitator and 1540 advisor. His work is currently funded by the US Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration.
- Project Director: Dr. Seema Gahlaut, Assistant Director, CITS
- Project Coordinator: Mr. Christopher Tucker, Research Associate, CITS
It will involve the following activities by CITS:
- Review of the national legal bases for strategic trade controls in each of the 15 member states, with a view to identifying regulatory gaps.
- Drafting model legislation to provide a framework for 1540 implementation
New York Workshop
CITS researchers and students hosted a workshop for CARICOM delegates in New York City September 22 and 23. The workshop met in the United Nations Plaza during the world leaders’ summit to discuss the importance of Security Council Resolution 1540 for the Caribbean region, and to plan the best way forward toward compliance. Representatives from 13 Caribbean states, as well as the U.S. Department of State and the United Nations itself, attended.