Trial security culture self-assessments in Indonesia
In the 2013 IAEA annual report on nuclear security Director General Yukiya Amano emphasized the need to support the practical implementation of nuclear security culture. The report identified a major IAEA landmark: the development of a new nuclear security self-assessment methodology that could be applied by states. At a Technical Meeting held in April 2013 and attended by 28 states, Indonesia’s pilot project to test the emerging IAEA nuclear security self-assessment methodology was discussed and further developed. (Report by the IAEA Director General to the Board of Governors on Nuclear Security released on August 6, 2013 — GOV/2013/36-SC(57)/16, pp11-12).
Beginning in April 2012, CITS staff assisted in IAEA efforts to promote nuclear security culture and participated in the development of new IAEA guidance documents. Jointly with other experts, CITS drafted a “Technical Guidance for Self-Assessment of Nuclear Security Culture in Facilities and Activities that Use Nuclear and/or Radioactive Material.” As the drafting progressed, CITS approached Indonesia’s National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) to propose a trial evaluation at its three research reactors. The leadership of BATAN agreed and in the fall of 2012, CITS briefed the management of the three sites and provided support for their pioneering effort to become a test bed for the new IAEA documents. This effort was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. The highlight of the Technical Meeting referred to in the IAEA Director General’s report was a paper on the preliminary results of the self-assessment presented by the Indonesian delegation.
As cooperation with BATAN continued, a joint CITS/BATAN paper was submitted and accepted for presentation at the IAEA Conference on Nuclear Security: Enhancing Global Efforts, held in Vienna on July 1-5, 2013. Indonesia is now planning to establish a BATAN Center for Security Culture and Assessment. The new Center would institutionalize security culture promotion nation-wide and together with the IAEA launch collaborative projects with other countries in the region. CITS will support the establishment of the Center and its programmatic activity throughout 2014.