CITS Director Keller connects 1540 and security culture at Rome rountable and workshop
CITS Director William W. Keller attended the Third NNSA & IWG-LNCV Workshop and Roundtable on “S&T Collaboration to Support CBRN Security in Rome,” November 18-19, 2013. He presented the idea of the mutually reinforcing roles of UNSCR 1540 and CBRN security culture. The text of his remarks can be found in this PDF.
CITS researcher provides context in Financial Times
In a recent issue of the Financial Times, CITS researcher Sara Kutchesfahani published a response to an earlier article, presenting a historical context absent in the original piece.
In “The four big truths that are shaping the Iran talks,” writer Philip Stephens mentions the possibility that Iranian nuclear proliferation could trigger a wave of new nuclear states. However, as Kutchesfahani points out in her response, “in every decade following the dawn of the nuclear age, fewer and fewer countries became nuclear weapon states.” Kutchesfahani argues that the cold war prediction that proliferation would beget further proliferation has not proven true.
Kutchesfahani writes: “From the first ever use of the atomic bomb in 1945 to the present day, only nine out of the 192 UN member states have the bomb, even though approximately 30 additional states could have had the bomb because they had the technological capability of acquiring a nuclear weapons programme. It is important to reflect on history because, in doing so, we can be reassured that a nuclear proliferation pandemic is unlikely.”
Indonesian engineering faculty attend CITS event
On October 24-25, 2013, CITS hosted a nuclear security culture study workshop for six lecturers from the Department of Engineering Physics at Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia. They came to CITS in order to acquire the information and tools needed to implement nuclear security culture projects at their university upon their return home. The workshop offered an in-depth look at security culture and offered ways of integrating nuclear security into course material. The CITS team was led by Dr. Igor Khripunov and Paul Ebel with assistance from Dr. Sara Kutchesfahani and Arthur Eyzaguirre.
The fourth issue of the 1540 Compass was published October 11. It features a look at Indonesia’s progress on self-assessments of nuclear security culture, Belarus’s national framework document for implementing UNSCR 1540, a report from the Commonwealth of Independent States, and much more.
The Compass is a journal of views, comments, and ideas for effective implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 to prevent WMD proliferation and terrorism by non-state actors. It is published by the Center for International Trade & Security, in cooperation with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs.
CITS visits nuclear power plant in Bulgaria with IAEA
At the request of Bulgaria's Nuclear Regulatory Agency, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) sent a group including CITS staff to visit Kozloduy nuclear power plant. The group briefed the management of the plant on assessing nuclear security culture. Bulgaria is the second country (after Indonesia) to volunteer a self-assessment project before the IAEA's technical guidance for self-assessment is released in 2014.
The guidance was drafted by a group of nuclear security experts, with active involvement of CITS staff. The pilot project at Kozloduy is designed to put the methodology to test at a major nuclear power plant to further improve it before finalization and publication. The visit in October will be followed by several others to assist in the self-assessment conduct and data interpretation.
United States signs the UN Arms Trade Treaty
On September 25, the United States joined over 100 other countries by signing the United Nations’ Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). This marks a crucial step in a process where the United States has been and continues to be a leader. The ATT aims to establish standards for the international trade in conventional arms — providing rules for legitimate traders and closing loopholes that fuel the illicit trade.
Anne-Charlotte Merrell Wetterwik, a CITS Senior Research Associate who has followed the treaty negotiations as a technical advisor since 2009, describes the ATT as “the first global tool that strives to establish a universal network of rules that will amplify national, regional and multilateral control efforts. Not only will the ATT save lives and have a direct impact on human suffering by stemming the leakage of conventional arms to the illicit market, it will also provide a safer and more secure trade in defense materials worldwide and a level playing field for legitimate traders.”
The U.S. already has one of the world’s most comprehensive trade control systems and has been a strong advocate for similar standards being established worldwide. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said at the signature ceremony in New York, “This treaty…builds global security without undermining the legitimate international trade in conventional arms which allows each country to provide for its own defense.”
Malaysian Secretary-General visits CITS and SPIA
Dr. Rebecca Fatima Sta. Maria, Secretary-General of the Malaysian Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) visited the Center on Friday, September 20th. Dr. Rebecca, who completed a PhD in Human Resource Development at the University of Georgia, stopped by the Center to meet with the new SPIA Dean, Stefanie Lindquist, as well as to have detailed discussions with CITS staff on our work in Southeast Asia and amongst ASEAN states. She also met with a group of CITS undergraduate students, our Security Leadership Scholars, and SPIA students to discuss the progress of strategic trade facilitation in Malaysia. Dr. Rebecca shared her experiences in implementing strategic trade legislation in Malaysia and answered questions from the students on a wide range of trade and economic challenges faced in the region.
Security culture self-assessments for IAEA piloted in Indonesia
Beginning in April 2012, CITS staff assisted in IAEA efforts to promote nuclear security culture and participated in the development of new IAEA guidance documents. CITS drafted, jointly with other experts, a “Technical Guidance for Self-Assessment of Nuclear Security Culture in Facilities and Activities that Use Nuclear and/or Radioactive Material.” As the drafting progressed, CITS approached Indonesia’s National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) to propose a trial evaluation at its three research reactors. The leadership of BATAN agreed and in the fall of 2012, in cooperation with the IAEA, CITS briefed the management of the three sites and provided support for their pioneering effort to become a test bed for new IAEA documents. This effort was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York (CCNY). The highlight of the Technical Meeting referred to in the IAEA Director General’s report was a paper on the preliminary results of the self-assessment presented by the Indonesian delegation.
Professors from the China Foreign Affairs University visit CITS
CITS hosted a delegation from the China Foreign Affairs University (CFAU) led by Dr. Jing Lu, a Professor of international relations and the Director of the Institute of International Relations. She was accompanied by Dr. Bo Qu, an Associate Professor and Deputy Director of Institute of International Studies (IIS) and Dr. Gao Wanglai, a lecturer at the Institute of International Relations. In addition to the meeting with CITS, Dr. Gao also presented a lecture to SPIA faculty and students on the evolution of China’s arms control policy.
Paul Ebel joins CITS research staff
Nuclear security expert and trainer Paul Ebel has formally joined CITS as a Senior Research Associate. After a tour of duty in the U.S. Navy as a Lieutenant Commander and Chief Engineering Officer of a nuclear attack submarine, Paul developed technical training programs for the Allied-General Nuclear Services facility in Barnwell, South Carolina from 1972 to 1983. He was then named Director of the Safeguards Division and an advisor to the IAEA and U.S. agencies on safeguards and a variety of nuclear-related training programs. Since 1983, Paul has served as the Vice President of BE Inc., consulting and developing training courses for countless U.S. government agencies, nuclear facilities, and international delegations. Among other areas, Ebel’s work has focused on courses and related training with the International Atomic Energy Agency, inspections on containment and surveillance, and safeguards training programs for U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspectors and the staff of a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant. After years of consulting with the Center on nuclear security and related issues, and contributing to multiple papers and training programs conducted by the Center, we are pleased to welcome Mr. Ebel as a permanent addition to the CITS research team.
Strategic trade training for ASEAN in Indonesia
Under the auspices of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), CITS researchers recently conducted two five-day training workshops on strategic trade management in Bandung, Indonesia. CITS trained government officials from customs, foreign affairs and trade ministries from member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), including Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam, and Cambodia . The workshops focused on assisting ASEAN governments in managing the security challenges associated with growing high-tech industries; simultaneously incorporating strategic trade control management into the ASEAN Single Window program and the National Single Window programs of member states.
The ASEAN curriculum was based on the Center's well-known SSTM Academy, which has trained over 500 government officials worldwide. The SSTM Academy is sponsored by the United States Department of State.
Richard B. Russell Security Leadership Program
The Richard B. Russell Security Leadership Program (SLP) is a year-long fellowship focused on nonproliferation and national security. The first semester is spent in an intensive research-oriented course taught by CITS staff and guest lecturers from the policymaking and national security communities. In the second semester, students work on projects ranging from country assessments to international workshops and seminars for strategic trade control practitioners.
SLP participants have gone on to positions in the US government, the UN, the International Atomic Energy Agency, large high-technology manufacturers, trade-oriented consulting firms, & academic institutions.
Senior Research Associate Sara Kutchesfahani publishes new book: “Politics and the Bomb”
Sara Kutchesfahani’s new book, “Politics and the Bomb: The Role of Experts in the Creation of Cooperative Nuclear Non-Proliferation Agreements,” provides empirical evidence and theoretical analysis of the ways communities of scientists and experts influence their countries’ nonproliferation policies. The book especially examines the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) and the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program.
International Security and Nonproliferation
The ISN is a concentration within the Master of International Policy degree. The concentration in International Security and Nonproliferation combines social science methods and practice from the field to analyze issues of nuclear, chemical, biological and radiological weapons and their proliferation.
The ISN provides advanced training for students pursuing non-academic careers in international governmental and non-governmental organizations; in the diplomatic corps and foundations; in federal agencies such as the Departments of State and Energy and the intelligence community; and in foreign policy making, strategic trade, and other international policy fields.
- Taught jointly by International Affairs faculty and Ph.D.-level practitioners from CITS
- Students gain comprehensive knowledge of nonproliferation and disarmament law and practice
- Students obtain training in foreign policy fields including strategic trade, defense policy, international security policy, arms control, nuclear security culture, economic and political development
- The ISN prepares students for careers in the public and private sectors, both in the U.S. and abroad
CITS Director speaks to Global Partnership in London
In June, CITS Director William W. Keller traveled to London to address the Chemical Security Working Group of the G8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction. Keller highlighted the growing need to address chemical security globally as additional chemical production facilities are introduced into the developing world. He called for a High-Level Meeting on Chemical Security and Chemical Security Culture to take actions that would decrease the likelihood of one or more malicious chemical disasters. The full text of Keller’s speech can be found here.
Security & Strategic Trade Management Academy
The CITS Security & Strategic Trade Management Academy is a comprehensive overview of the theory and practice of strategic trade control, designed with an international perspective for trade officials from around the world. Registration is now open for the fall 2013 session, taking place October 21 through November 1. The registration form (PDF) is available online. Once filled out, the form should be submitted to Christopher Tucker, the program coordinator.
Sara Kutchesfahani joins senior staff at CITS
Dr. Sara Z. Kutchesfahani comes to the Center from the Nuclear Engineering and Nonproliferation Division at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), where she was the only social science research associate among a pool of 440 at the laboratory. At Los Alamos, her work focused on non-proliferation policy-related research projects, with an emphasis on international safeguards. From LANL, she also taught a graduate distance-learning education course, titled “Nuclear Safeguards & Security Policy,” at the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, a premier science engineering research university.
Norinco student ambassador program
The close relationship between CITS and our partners in China creates unique opportunities for student enrichment. Every year, two undergraduates from the Security Leadership Program receive five-week internships with the Center's Chinese partners. They also attend CITS events in China, giving them the opportunity to meet and network with international businessmen and officials involved in security policy.
This is a reciprocal student exchange, with two students from Chinese universities joining counterparts at the University of Georgia for classes at CITS, the School of Public and International Affairs, and the Terry College of Business. The program is sponsored by Norinco.
CITS supports IAEA efforts to create self-assessment for nuclear security culture
On April 8-12, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) conducted a technical meeting to discuss self-assessment methodologies for nuclear security culture in Vienna, Austria. The purpose of this meeting was to review the draft guidance first tested in Indonesia and to determine the ways in which the self-assessment methodology could be further improved, finalized and made available to member states.
As a proof of concept, CITS assisted the IAEA in implementing a pilot self-assessment project conducted in Indonesia at three operating research reactors in cooperation with BATAN, the Indonesian nuclear authority.
Kenya Project for chemical safety & security
In April 2013, CITS Director William W. Keller chaired a side event to the Third Review Conference of the Chemical Weapons Convention at the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in The Hague. The goal was to introduce a unique project to support and build chemical safety and security in Kenya. The Kenya delegation embraced the idea of installing a legislative and regulatory system of strategic trade controls that will enable Kenyan authorities to monitor chemicals and other dual-use commodities that transit the Port of Mombasa or use the Port as a transshipment point.
UN General Assembly adopts Arms Trade Treaty
On April 2, 2013 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the new Arms Trade Treaty, concluding decades of hard work to establish a global norm for the international trade in conventional arms. This historic document requires states to establish a control system for the international transfers of this type of weapons. Countries like the United States and members of the European Union have mature systems already in force, but some other states have nothing in place at all. The ATT will change that by linking today’s fractured system into a true international safety net.
Anne-Charlotte Merrell Wetterwik, a CITS Senior Research Associate has, as a technical advisor, been able to follow the UN negotiations closely for the last four years and participated in the final week of the negotiating diplomatic conference in New York City. Ms. Merrell Wetterwik said on the day the ATT was adopted, “For years states have had the tools and obligations to keep trade in dual-use goods under control — today we can finally say the same about conventional weapons. Countries will benefit from a diminished risk of arms diverting to the illicit market and defense companies will navigate more consistent trade regulations. A level playing field for legitimate trade will make it easier to identify and deal with illicit arms dealers and illegitimate transactions that fuel wars and conflict.”
Michael Beck speaks at trade control meeting
Dr. Michael Beck spoke Febrary 13th at the National Council on International Trade Development (NCITD) monthly meeting on global strategic trade control trends. NCITD is an industry-supported nonprofit group in the United States that proposes regulatory changes to address problems hindering international trade.
Chemical Security & Safety Conference in Poland
CITS Director William W. Keller moderated a panel and spoke at the international conference on chemical safety and security, organized and sponsored by the European Union, the government of Poland, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, and the city of Tarnow. The conference promoted a global chemical safety and security culture as well as international cooperation in the field.
Security culture self-assessments in Indonesia
During the week of October 15, 2012, CITS researchers conducted four briefings for officials of Indonesia’s National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) and three research reactor facilities in Serpong, Bandung and Yogyakarta. The purpose of the briefings was to introduce the recently-developed methodology to assess nuclear security culture. Self-assessments will be performed by BATAN’s specially-designated teams, with the preliminary results presented in a report in mid-2013. The methodology has been developed by a group of international experts, including CITS, under the IAEA auspices, and will be recommended, after review, to all member states possibly as early as 2013. For more information, contact Dr. Igor Khripunov.
China is a major focus for new international outreach efforts at CITS. As a massive industrial world power with significant interests in high technology trade, China must be addressed in any strategy for promoting global trade security. CITS places a high priority on promoting security culture in China, and pursues this goal with training workshops, research, corporate outreach, and a specially tailored variant of the Security & Strategic Trade Management Academy.
CITS researchers dedicated a significant portion of the past summer to work in China. Director William Keller, Executive Director Scott Jones, and several researchers made trips to Beijing and Shenzhen, hosting workshops based on the Security & Strategic Trade Management Academy for an audience of industry and government officials.